While printing emerged in the west in the 15th century, its principles were well-known in the Orient long before. For example, European writing uses a limited set of abstract symbols, which makes movable type manufacturing simpler. In contrast, Chinese handwriting has 80,000 symbols, making it very difficult to create readable type. In addition, it is a difficult process for machine operators. But the process of printing still requires humans to produce the printed page.
To produce a printed page, the process begins with the creation of a plate, paper, and press. The paper is then transferred to the plate, where the design is applied to the paper. The process can be repeated several times to add more colours. It is also possible to add a variety of different colours. In general, this method requires a large number of separate steps, and can be time-consuming. However, the benefits of this technique make it a popular choice among artists and graphic designers.
By the second century ce, the Chinese had discovered the method of printing. They already had paper and ink formulations, and some texts had been carved onto stone pillars. Pilgrims also daubed ink on these pillars to read texts. In addition, they had access to stone-cut blocks of wood and made it possible to print on wood. With all the innovations and developments in the printing process, the world has become a more accessible and vibrant place.