The History of Printing
The history of printing dates back to ancient times. The earliest examples of printmaking were created by Chinese printer Bi Sheng, who carved small clay blocks with relief and rearrange them in a printing frame. However, due to the large number of characters in the Chinese language, Chinese printers often use carved wooden blocks. Goryeo scholars produced a series of 81,000 wooden printing blocks to print the Buddhist scriptures. Today, these methods are still used today.
Printing was a major contribution to the growth, accumulation, assimilation, and augmentation of knowledge. The first printed book was Diderot’s encyclopaedia, and the industrial upsurge of the Hanseatic League led to the rise of competing media. While printing is an essential part of the modern world, its applications are not limited to reading and writing. It has also played a role in the production of textiles, packaging, and even miniature electronic circuits.
The development of printing has also accelerated knowledge acquisition and evolution, helping to make science, medicine, and technology more accessible to the public. Diderot’s encyclopaedia was the first book printed, and its use has been a major factor in the scientific and technological revolutions. Despite the complexities involved in printing, however, printing has contributed to the growth of knowledge. Aside from publishing books, it has contributed to the creation of new audiovisual media, including television, radio, and film.